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新兴产业在发展期收益

“声光”有很大的功率。它应该是“薛定谔的猫”

????利用声子激光器,我们可以深入研究薛定谔的猫。自1960年光学激光器问世以来,它逐渐形成了价值数百亿美元的全球技术市场。科学家ArtAshkin、Gerard Mourou和Donna Strickland因其光学镊子和脉冲激光技术获得诺贝尔奖。scencedaily.com 4月16日报道说,美国罗切斯特理工学院(RIT)的研究人员利用Ashkin的光镊技术创造了一种新的激光——声光激光器。在《自然光子学》杂志上,研究人员展示了一种声子激光器,它可以通过光学技术使纳米颗粒悬浮。研究人员对纳米粒子的机械振动进行了研究,发现纳米粒子的悬浮是由激光束焦点处的辐射力引起的。RIT物理学副教授、量子光学研究人员米什凯特·巴塔查里亚说:“通过探测纳米颗粒散射的光来确定其位置,并将这些信息反馈到镊子中,我们就可以创造出一种‘类激光’光束。纳米粒子的机械振动变得非常强烈,并进入一个完美的同步节奏,就像光学激光器发出的电磁波一样。由于激光发射器发出的光波是同步的,光束可以长距离传输,而不会像阳光或普通灯泡那样向各个方向散射。在标准光学激光器中,光的输出特性由制造激光器的材料控制。有趣的是,在声子激光器中,光与物质的相互作用是相反的:粒子的运动由光反馈控制。巴塔查里亚说:“声子激光器的出现让我们非常兴奋,它在传感和信息处理方面有着巨大的潜在应用。随着光学激光器的不断发展,其应用将进一步扩大。声子激光器也有望使基本的量子物理成为可能。例如,研究人员可以用薛定谔的猫做实验。原编者:雷新宇ag8879环:西莫编者:唐林芳期刊来源:自然光子学杂志第1749-4885号链接:https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2019/04/190416143730.htm中文内容仅供参考,所有内容均以英文原版为主。请注明重新打印的来源。

li yong sheng zi ji guang qi, wo men ke yi shen ru yan jiu xue ding e de mao. zi 1960 nian guang xue ji guang qi wen shi yi lai, ta zhu jian xing cheng le jia zhi shu bai yi mei yuan de quan qiu ji shu shi chang. ke xue jia ArtAshkin Gerard Mourou he Donna Strickland yin qi guang xue nie zi he mai chong ji guang ji shu huo de nuo bei er jiang. scencedaily. com 4 yue 16 ri bao dao shuo, mei guo luo qie si te li gong xue yuan RIT de yan jiu ren yuan li yong Ashkin de guang nie ji shu chuang zao le yi zhong xin de ji guang sheng guang ji guang qi. zai zi ran guang zi xue za zhi shang, yan jiu ren yuan zhan shi le yi zhong sheng zi ji guang qi, ta ke yi tong guo guang xue ji shu shi na mi ke li xuan fu. yan jiu ren yuan dui na mi li zi de ji xie zhen dong jin xing le yan jiu, fa xian na mi li zi de xuan fu shi you ji guang shu jiao dian chu de fu she li yin qi de. RIT wu li xue fu jiao shou liang zi guang xue yan jiu ren yuan mi shen kai te ba ta cha li ya shuo:" tong guo tan ce na mi ke li san she de guang lai que ding qi wei zhi, bing jiang zhei xie xin xi fan kui dao nie zi zhong, wo men jiu ke yi chuang zao chu yi zhong' lei ji guang' guang shu. na mi li zi de ji xie zhen dong bian de fei chang qiang lie, bing jin ru yi ge wan mei di tong bu jie zou, jiu xiang guang xue ji guang qi fa chu de dian ci bo yi yang. you yu ji guang fa she qi fa chu de guang bo shi tong bu de, guang shu ke yi chang ju li chuan shu, er bu hui xiang yang guang huo pu tong deng pao na yang xiang ge ge fang xiang san she. zai biao zhun guang xue ji guang qi zhong, guang de shu chu te xing you zhi zao ji guang qi de cai liao kong zhi. you qu de shi, zai sheng zi ji guang qi zhong, guang yu wu zhi di xiang hu zuo yong shi xiang fan de: li zi de yun dong you guang fan kui kong zhi. ba ta cha li ya shuo:" sheng zi ji guang qi de chu xian rang wo men fei chang xing fen, ta zai chuan gan he xin xi chu li fang mian you zhe ju da de qian zai ying yong. sui zhe guang xue ji guang qi de bu duan fa zhan, qi ying yong jiang jin yi bu kuo da. sheng zi ji guang qi ye you wang shi ji ben de liang zi wu li cheng wei ke neng. li ru, yan jiu ren yuan ke yi yong xue ding e de mao zuo shi yan. yuan bian zhe: lei xin yu ping lun: xi mo bian zhe: tang lin fang qi kan lai yuan: zi ran guang zi xue za zhi di 17494885 hao lian jie: https: www. sciencedaily. com releases 2019 04 190416143730. htm zhong wen nei rong jin gong can kao, suo you nei rong jun yi ying wen yuan ban wei zhu. qing zhu ming chong xin da yin de lai yuan.

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